Intakes: Every September 

To promote globally competitive quality education and training in peaceful applications of nuclear science techniques and associated technologies. The program is designed to enhance multidiscipline research capacity towards building a knowledgeable resource base for sustainable development in line with the aspirations of Kenyans as pronounced in the short and long-term strategic plans of the country and the University of Nairobi.

Peaceful use of nuclear science transcends across all economic and socioeconomic activities, especially in energy, environment, food and agriculture, health, industry and water. It also includes applications in security and safety. Science is an important aspect in sustainable development considering the pioneer applications of X-rays were radiography and crystallography in the 1920s and the methods delivered the tangible medical diagnostics and the elemental table, respectively, and they continue to pray a major role in medical services, material science research, micro and macro-nutrients investigation in agriculture and infrastructure among many other services. The wide range of applications are well established in the North where they have developed a strong human resource base and provided high investments in infrastructure. In Africa, although the techniques were appreciated since the late 1950s, the human resource base remains weak in the midst of the high demand by the governments and private sector. However, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been assisting its member states directly in Country Specific Projects and through the African Regional Co-operative Agreement (AFRA) for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology which was inaugurated in 1990 and has a membership of 45 African Member States of IAEA. The presented reviewed programme is therefore important to Kenya as well as the region. 
Kenya Government realised the necessity and importance of nuclear Science applications reasonably early and it became a member of AFRA at its inception in 1990. It established organisations to promote the peaceful use of ionising radiation and the protection of human from harm. The organisations are: Radiation Protection Board (RPB) under the Ministry of Health, and a coordination office of Nuclear applications related programs and IAEA liaison in the then National Council for Science and Technology (NCST), currently National Commission of Science Technology and Innovation (NACOSTI)) under the Ministry of
Education. More than 10 years ago the government realised energy was a key enabler of Vision2030 implementation and immediately established a Nuclear Electricity Committee under the Ministry of Energy. The Committee has since transformed to the current Nuclear Power and Energy Agency (NuPEA) with a mandate of IAEA National Liaison Office, while AFRA coordinating mandate remains in NACOSTI. In all these organisations human resource in nuclear science applications is identified as a major challenge in the country and the issue occupies space in their stakeholder’s meetings and private discussions between the heads of the organisations and the director, INST. As late as last year, the challenge was a
serious discussion in a preparation meeting to guide conference participation of Kenya delegates to the 63rd IAEA General Conference of the Member States. The meeting was chaired by the ambassador at the Kenya Embassy in Vienna, Austria, and the attending delegates were from the Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Kenya Bureau of Standards, Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenyatta University, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Water and Sanitation, NACOSTI, National Assembly, National Research Fund, NuPEA, Pwani University and RPB. In all the forums of key stakeholders in nuclear science education, that INST has had an opportunity to be present, the need for Kenya to have a strong knowledgeable human resource base to support sustainable development was always highly articulated. This was also well pronounced in the various stakeholder meetings on INST planned and review programmes. The meetings also highlighted the critical importance of nuclear science applications in the implementation of Kenya’s long-term Strategic Plan (Vision2030) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

The goal of this programme is to enable learners to assimilate knowledge and acquire competency in current and evolving technologies in peaceful applications of nuclear and associated science techniques in research. Thus, contributing to the development of research capacity and a knowledgeable human resource for sustainable economic and socioeconomic development.

Expected Learning Outcomes
At the end of the programme, the learner should be able to:

  1. Apply knowledge of radiation techniques in the investigation of problems affecting  society and development.
  2. Illustrate the ability to disseminate scientific knowledge to stakeholders and policymakers.
  3. Demonstrate the potential to specialize in the field of nuclear energy production.
  4. Produce innovations using nuclear science and associated technologies for the benefit of society.

The Master’s degree program consists of coursework, examination and thesis.

The coursework shall be ten (10) units of 45 contact hours each which includes designed lectures, tutorials, laboratory work and industrial exposure. The thesis shall be equivalent to eight (8) units.

ii. Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology will operate on a semester system. Each semester shall consist of fifteen (15) weeks.

iii. The Master’s degree program is a full-time course and shall cover a minimum of four (4) semesters and a maximum of eight (8) semesters.

iv. Prior to embarking on a research thesis, the candidate shall be required to successfully take and pass the ten (10) offered units.

v. A student shall under the guidance of assigned supervisors submit a proposal for thesis research at the beginning of the third semester.

vi. A student shall under the supervision of appointed supervisors submit a research thesis by the end of the fourth semester.

Year 1: Semester 1

Core courses Units

Course Unit

Course Title

Contact hours

SNS  611

Atomic & Nuclear Physics


SNS  621

Radiation Protection and Dosimetry


SNS  635

Nuclear electronics  and Solid State Physics


SNS  630

Particle Detection and Measurements


SNS  620



Year 1: Semester 2

Core course Units

SNS 602

Applications of Nuclear Techniques


SNS 605

Nuclear and Reactor Physics


SNS 612

Medical Physics and Instrumentation


SNS 645

Research Methodology


SNS 623

Radioactive Waste and sources Management


Total Course Units hours


Year II: Semester III and IV

SNS 633



Total Programme hours


The Common Regulations of Postgraduate Master’s Degree of the University of Nairobi shall apply:

  1. Holders of Bachelor of Science degree (A minimum of Upper Second Class Honours) or equivalent in the fields of Engineering and Physical Sciences from the University of Nairobi or any other institution recognized by the Senate of the University of Nairobi;
  2. Holders of Bachelor of Science degree (Lower Second Class Honours) or equivalent in the fields stated in (a) above from the University of Nairobi or any other institution recognized by the Senate of the University of Nairobi with at least 2 years of relevant experience;
  3. Holders of a pass degree in the areas specified in (a) above with at least 5 years of relevant experience.

Applications of nuclear techniques find applications in almost all sectors of the economy including industry, agriculture, and medical sectors etc. Some of the organisations which require nuclear-related services include the following:

  1. Industries – manufacturing, processing, aviation, Marine, etc.
  2. Government institutions – ministries of energy, water, education, transport, infrastructure, housing & urban development etc.
  3. Parastatals – KPA, KQ, Kengen, KPLC, KPRL etc.
  4. Private sector – banks, audit firms, engineering, consultants, hotels, hospitals
  5. International organizations – UN agencies, Marine industry
  6. Security – KDF, police, airports, malls
Year 1  Semester 1   Semester 2   Yearly TOTAL 
TUITION         240,000         240,000                 480,000
EXAMINATION (PER UNIT @1000)              6,000              5,000                   11,000
MEDICAL FEE (PER YEAR)              6,500                       6,500
REGISTRATION (PER SEMESTER@2250)              2,250              2,250                     4,500
ID CARD ( PER YEAR)              1,000                       1,000
ACTIVITY-( PER YEAR)              2,000                       2,000
LIBRARY (PER YEAR)              5,000                       5,000
CAUTION - (ONCE)              5,000                       5,000
ICT SERVICES - (PER YEAR)              7,000                       7,000
STUDENT ORGANISATION(PER YEAR)              1,000                       1,000
TOTALs         275,750         247,250                 523,000
Year 2      
TUITION                     480,000
MEDICAL FEE (PER YEAR)                         6,500
REGISTRATION (PER SEMESTER@2250)                         2,250
ID CARD ( PER YEAR)                         1,000
ACTIVITY-( PER YEAR)                         2,000
LIBRARY (PER YEAR)                         5,000
ICT SERVICES - (PER YEAR)                         7,000
STUDENT ORGANISATION(PER YEAR)                         1,000
THESIS EXAMINATION                       30,000
TOTALs                     534,750
Grand TOTAL       1,057,750