FIRST YEAR OF STUDY  SEMESTER I
FCE 101  Communication Skills (45 hrs)
For details see course CCS 004 under common undergraduate courses.
FCE 103  Development Process (45 hrs)
For details see course CCS 001 under common undergraduate courses.
FCE 131  Physics IA (45 hrs)
Mechanics and Properties of Matter :
Introduction to dynamics: circular motion; simple harmonic motion (SHM); rotation of rigid bodies; Newtons Law of gravitation Introduction to statics: force systems on rigid bodies at rest: equilibrium: fluid statics. Introduction to properties of matter: elasticity in solids, viscosity in fluids, friction.
Sound and Vibration:
Introduction to Sound: Wave phenomenon; sound waves; velocity of sound. Introduction of vibration: Free vibrations of particles (SHM). Simple pendulum; free vibrations of rigid bodies.
Heat
Internal energy and temperature; phase changes of the pure substance. Isothermal and isobaric compressibility of gases, liquids and solids.
Heat transfer: conduction, convention, and radiation Kinetic theory of gases: perfect gas equation; intermolecular forces, specific heats, and equipartition of energy.
FCE 161  Pure Mathematics IA (45 hrs)
Numbers and Simple Functions
The real number system and functions: complex numbers, inequalities, exponents, trigonometric functions, definitions and graphs, elementary trigonometric formulae. Sine and cosine rules.
Analytical Geometry:
Analytical geometry of lines and elementary conic section. Graphs and graph sketching.
Differential Calculus:
The derivative; derivatives of sums, products, quotients, chain rule, implicit differentiation, higher derivatives, rates of change.
FCE 163  Applied Mathematics IA (45 hrs)
Kinematics of a Particles:
Kinematics of a particle in a straight line, scalar and vector quantities, addition of vectors, unit vectors. Composition and resolution of velocities and accelerations, relative motion. Newtons laws of motion, applications to connected bodies, circular motion, projectiles.
Simple Statics:
The fundamental theorem of statics, including reduction of a plane system of forces, theorems of moments, conditions of equilibrium in a plane. Centre of gravity, equilibrium of particles and rigid bodies under complanar forces, frameworks, Friction, coefficient of friction.
Dynamics of Rigid Bodies:
Moments and couples. Angular velocity and angular acceleration. Moment of Inertia.
FCE 165  Computer Science I (45 hrs)
Objectives
Student should understand the basic operations of a computer, to be able to operate a computer using basic and advanced DOS commands, prepare and present a document using a wordprocessor, prepare and present a spreadsheet, be able to learn how to use an application package along.
Detailed Course Outline
Introduction to Computers: Role of computers in various applications (organisation e.g. banks, hospitals, factories, institutions, etc.), computer building blocks, computer hardware, input devices, storage devices, output devices, trends in computers development (Mainframe Computers  Minicomputers  Microcomputers (PCs)  Networking).
Computer software: Operating systems (a simple introduction), general features, typical tasks performed by the OS, typical microcomputer operating systems, DOS, typical DOS commands, files organisation, files processing.
Number systems, codes, arithmetic and logic operations: Computer number systems and computer codes, arithmetic operations and computer logic operations, introduction to binary number representation, positive and negative numbers, arithmetic operators and examples, onesand twoscomplement, binary subtraction, addition, multiplication, division, real numbers (floating point), strings, arrays.
Applications software: Introduction, software packages, selection of software (factors to consider), wordprocessors (e.g. Wordstar), spreadsheets (e.g. Lotus), report generators (e.g. Harvard Graphics), accounting packages (e.g. Dac Easy). Computer graphics (e.g. CAD packages e.g. Autocad), (to be covered through laboratory exercises).
Application Software :
Packages: wordprocessing, spreadsheets, database management, mathematical programming, statistics (tabulations and regression), project management. Software developments: knowledgebased systems (A.I.)
FCE 181  Chemistry IA (45 hrs)
Inorganic Chemistry:
Solubility, precipitation, ionexchange, nitrification and denitrification, oxidationreduction reactions, absorption, characteristics and significance of some salts and elements (ammonia, nitrates, phosphates, sulphates, silicates, chlorine, oxygen, ozone, carbon, etc.)
Physical Chemistry:
Ions in solution, ionization energy, chemical energetics and bonding, chemical equilibrium, reaction kinetics.
SEMESTER II
FCE 104  Elements of Philosophy (CCS 015)
For details see course CCS 015 under common undergraduate courses.
FCE 132  Physics IB (45 hrs)
Options:
Wave theory of light. Interference. Diffraction, polarization.
Electricity and Magnetism:
Electrostatics. Capacitors. Resistors. Current, voltage, power. Ohms law, its applications. Measurements. Networks. Chemical effect of current.
Magnetic field. Force on a conductor Electromagnetic induction. Magnetic properties of matter. A.C. circuits. Electromagnetic waves.
Electrons. Electron ballistics. Valves. CRO Junction diode. Transistor.
Atomic Physics:
Radioactivity. Isotopes. The nucleus. Xrays. Photoelectricity. Energy levels.
FCE 142  Engineering Drawing (45 hrs)
Use of drawing instruments. Layout of drawings. Types of line. Lettering. Dimensioning. Use of Scales. Geometrical construction (Ellipse, Hyperbolar, parabola etc). Orthographic projection in first and third angles. Projects of points and lines. Pictorial drawings. Oblique projection. Graphical presentation of data. Freehand Sketching.
FCE 162  Pure Mathematics IB (45 hrs)
Applications of Differential Calculus:
Trigonometric functions; their derivatives, stationary points, minima and maxima problems. Increasing and decreasing functions. Small increments, tangents. Applications of differentiation to curve sketching; convex inflexion points. Polar Coordinates.
Integral Calculus
Integration as inverse of differentiation. Definite integral as limit of sum. Standard forms. Application of integration to area, volume.
FCE 164  Applied Mathematics IB (45 hrs)
Momentum and Energy:
Momentum, Impulse; conservation of momentum. Energy, conservation of energy; energy/work principle, power. Angular momentum of rigid bodies.
Simple Harmonic Motion:
Hookes Law, simple harmonic motion, motion in a circle with variable angular velocity.
Elementary Statistics:
Population and sample, raw data, classification. Principles of data tabulation, graphical representation of data. Average, mean, median, mode, spread, range, quartiles, percentiles, standard deviation. Sample spaces, probability. Discrete distribution; binomial, poissons. Introduction to normal distribution.
FCE 182  Chemical IB (45 hrs)
Organic Chemistry:
Significance of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, phenols, alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, organic nitrogen compounds, organic halogen compounds; structures and characteristics of carbohydrates, proteins, and liquids.
Applied Chemistry:
Introduction to polymer science, hard and soft water (causes and treatment), electrochemistry, the nitrogen cycle, fuels, fertilizers, soaps and nonsoapy detergents, aerobic and anaerobic digestion.
FCE 190  Workshop Technology (45 hrs)
Introduction to the hand and machine tools, production processes and safety precautions.
Civil Engineering Technology
Woodwork, blockwork, concreting and plumbing.
Mechanical Engineering Technology
Machine tools, metalwork, fasteners, welding.
Electrical Engineering Technology
Wiring, soldering. Lectures and practical work.
SECOND YEAR OF STUDY  SEMESTER I
FCE 201  Theory of Structures IA (45 hrs)
Statics:
Introduction to statics. Plane statics. Structural forms and introduction of statically determinant structures. Axial force structures  tension (cable) structures and compression (arch) structures. Truss forms and analysis of trussels  method of joints, method of sections, and method of tension coefficients. Bending structures  shear force and bending moment diagrams.
Dynamics:
Kinematics and kinetics of particles. Kinematics and kinetics of rigid bodies in a plane. Work and energy, impulsemomentum, impact.
FCE 211  Engineering Geology (45 hrs)
Composition and constitution of the earth. Earth movements and plate tectonics. Structural geology. Interpretation of geological maps. Weathering, erosion and denudation. Superficial movements. Physical processes in different environments. Sedimentation. Igneous activity. Metamorphism. Groundwater. Earthquakes and earthquake engineering. Rock types and their engineering properties. Geology of Kenya. Constructional stones of Kenya. Geological aspects of foundations, open excavations, tunnels, and reservoirs and dams. Geological site investigation.
FCE 231  Strength of Materials IA (45 hrs)
Direct stress and Strain  elasticity and plasticity. Stress resultants. Stresses in members subjected to axial force, bending, shear and torsion. Section properties. Symmetrical and unsymmetrical bending of beams. Deflection of beams. Analysis of stress and strain  Mohrs circle of stress and strain. Thin walled pressure vessels. Labs: Unsymmetrical bending of cantilever; shear centre of a channel; Deflection of beams  steel, hardboard, perspex, aluminium.
FCE 245  Materials Science (45 hrs)
Physical and chemical structure of engineering materials. Review of atomic and molecular structure of matter. Crystal structure. Interatomic forces. Manufacture and properties of metals. Phase composition. Structure and properties of polymers, plastics. Structure of wood. Classification of wood, Properties, Seasoning, preservation. Multiphase composites. Plywood. Materials laboratory.
FCE 251  Engineering Surveying I (45 hrs)
Introduction to Surveying. Surveying Instruments. Two dimensional plane coordinates. Methods and principles of surveying. Theory of errors and error analysis. Chain Surveying and detailed mapping.
Practicals: field surveying
FCE 261  Engineering Mathematics IA (45 hrs)
Basic Mathematical Concepts:
Elementary set operation, De Morgans law, relations; Boolean algebra.
Functions of a single Variable:
Types of functions, limits, continuity; Rolles theorem, MeanValue theorem.
Differentiation:
Derivatives of functions including inverse trigonometric, hyperbolic, inverse hyperbolic, logarithmic; Leibnitzs theorem; differentials; Applications of differentiation.
Introduction
Methods of integration including partial fractions, substitution, integration by parts, reduction formulae, MeanValue theorem for integrals; Differentiation of integrals; Applications including more advanced concepts of areas and volumes, centroids and moments of inertial.
Sequences and Series:
Properties of sequences; Expansion of functions and power series; Taylors and Maclaurins series, remainder term; Convergence of power series; Applications.
SEMESTER II
FCE 202  Theory of Structures IB (45 hrs)
Statics: Beams  deflection of beams by direct integration method, moment area method, conjugate beam method, virtual force method. Truss displacements by virtual force and graphical methods. Influence lines for statically determinate structures.
FCE 222  Fluid Mechanics IA (45 hrs)
Introduction to Fluid Mechanics; properties of fluids, dimensions and Units. Hydrostatic pressure, pressure gauges and manometers. Forces and centres of pressure of plans and nonplana surfaces. Floating bodies, matacentre. Free surface correction and suspended loads. Introduction to Bernoullis theorem.
FCE 232  Strength of Materials IB (45 hrs)
Shear stress in beams, combined bending and axial stresses. Elastic buckling of columns and beams. Torsion. Theories of failure. Photoelasticity. Strain, energy and virtual work. Elastic theory. Lab; strut bucklingvarious end conditions; Torsion of members; Photoelasticityshear stress distribution.
FCE 242  Engineering Drawing & Design I (45 hrs)
Projections of planes and solids. Section of solids. Intersection of surfaces. Isometric projection. Development of surfaces. Site layout and plane of buildings. Floor plans, Elevations and crosssecitons of buildings.
FCE 246  Civil Engineering Materials (45 hrs)
Manufacture and properties of inorganic cements; Portland cements. Hydration of portland cement. Geology of fresh concrete. Workability. Segregation. Properties of hardened concrete. Manufacture of concrete. Readymixed concrete. Mix design. Nondestructive tests. Creep Shrinkage. Durability Quality control of concrete. Corrosion of steel in concrete. Thermal properties. Effects of fire on concrete. Materials Laboratory.
FCE 262  Engineering Mathematics IB (45 hrs)
Ordinary Differential Equations :
First order differential equations, second order and higher order equations with constant coefficients. Applications.
Complex Numbers:
Geometry of the complex plans, elementary functions, roots of complex numbers, De Moivres theorem.
Vector Algebra:
Scalar, vector and triple products. Derivative of a vector. Applications.
Matrices and Linear Equations:
Elementary matrix operations, inverses, determinants, solution of simultaneous linear equation.
FCE 266  Computer Science II (45)
Objectives: The course aims to develop the ability to select appropriate algorithms for problemsolving by computer. The students will also be expected to become proficient in the use of one highlevel structured language (e.g. PASCAL). Appreciation of the need to follow good software engineering techniques will also be expected.
Detailed Course Outline:
Introduction to Computer ProblemSolving: Programs and algorithms, problemsolving aspect, topdown design. Software tools for program development  editors, interpreters, compilers. Fundamental Algorithms e.g., Exchanging the values of two variables, counting summation of a set of numbers, factorial computation base conversion etc.
Array techniques: Array order reversal, finding the maximum number in set, finding the kth smallest element, removal of duplicates from an ordered array. Data types and declarations: type integer, real, char, Boolean, enumerated and subrange.
Statements, Expressions and Assignments. Input and output of data. Basic Control Structures: Compound statements, repetitive statements (while, repeat and for statements).
Procedures and Functions: The procedure concept, block structure and scope. Variable and value parameters. Functions. Information hiding and the layered model in software development. Methods of documentation.
Structured data structures: Arrays, records and sets. Files: the file concept, text files. Pointers: the pointer concept, programming a stack.
265  COMPUTER SCIENCE III (45 hours)
Course Objectives: At the end of the course the student should be able to develop and code complex data structures required for a variety of electronic and data management systems e.g. memory management, graphic drivers, computeraided design (CAD), data base systems, etc. The student will be expected to learn advanced programming techniques required for implementation of dynamic data structure algorithms using a structured highlevel programming language (e.g. PASCAL or C).
Syllabus Outline
Structured programming style: Block structure, variable and value parameters. Structured data structures: Arrays, records, sets and files. Information hiding and the layered model in software development.
Merging, sorting and searching: The twoway merge, sorting by selection, sorting by insertion, binary search and hash searching.
Dynamic data structures algorithms: The pointer concept. Stack operations. Linked lists: building blocks, operations on linked lists, doubly linked list, stack operations, queues. Trees: Node ordering, methods of ordering trees, implementation of trees, operations on trees, binary tree search, insertion and deletion.
Recursive algorithms: The choice between recursion and iteration. Recursion in action  recursive quicksort, Towers of Hanoi. Binary tree transversal.
One selected example of the use and implementation of complex data structures in engineering (e.g. Application graphics, memory management or discreteevent simulation).
COMPUTER SCIENCE IV (45 hours)
Structured systems development lifecycle. Database structures and DBMS. AI techniques, etc. This will include some courses in GTZ second semester syllabus.
FCE 272  Economic I (45 hrs)
Scope and methods of Economics: resources and basic Economic problems. Price theory: The General view of the price system, elementary theory of supply, National income, money and banking, International trade. Project evaluation and Investment decisions. Elements of project analysis and implementation. Engineering studies. Cost benefit analysis. Financial study, social profitability of projects.
THIRD YEAR OF STUDY  SEMESTER I
FCE 301  Theory of Structures IIA (45 hrs)
Statically indeterminate structures: Introduction. Energy Principles and Castiglianos Theorems. Indeterminate analysis using the Force (Flexibility) Method> In determinate analysis using Displacement (Stiffness) Methods: slope deflection method, moment distribution method. Approximate analysis of statically indeterminate structures.
FCE 311  Geotechnical Engineering I (45 hrs)
Introduction  definitions of Soil Mechanics and Soil. Soil formation  physical and chemical weathering, residual and alluvial soils, and tropical soils. Clay minerals, soil structure, consistency and plasticity of soils. Physical properties of soils water content, specific gravity, bulk and dry densities, field densities. Soil classification  field identification of soils. Particle size analysis, Soil classification system. Phase relationships, soil compaction and laboratory and field compaction tests. Dry density/water content/air content relationships. Permeability  Darcys law, laboratory and field methods of determining coefficient of permeability, coefficient of permeability for stratified deposits. Effective stress. Laboratory tests, (Index, sieving, hydrometes, permeability).
FCE 321  Fluid Mechanics IB (45 hrs)
Application of Bernoullis theorem. Methods of measurement of velocity and discharge; pitot tubes, orifices, nozzles, venturi metres and notches. Laminar and turbulent flow in pipes. Reynolds number. DArcy formulae for pipe friction. Representation of energy changes in a flowing fluid system. Time to empty tanks. Uniform flow in open channels economic sections.
FCE 331  Strength of Materials II (45 hrs)
Structural Steel : Review of properties of Structural steel. Structural Sections. Behaviour of axially loaded members. Behaviour of flexural members. Combined bending and compression. Joints and connections. Local instability.
Structural Timber : Timber as a structural material  its nature and properties. Behaviour of timber under axial loading, flexural loading, shear and combined loading. Behaviour of timber joints and connections under load.
FCE 345  Civil Engineering Materials II (45 hrs)
Highway Materials: origin, properties and use of natural and artificial aggregates for road building. Origin, properties and use of bituminous materials. Manufacture, properties and use of bituminous mixes. Bituminous mix design. Material Laboratory tests: Aggregates: strength shape and specific gravity tests. Bituminous Materials; Penetration, Ring and Ball softening point tests.
FCE 351  Engineering Surveying II (45 hrs)
Horizontal Control; traverse observation, calculation and adjustment. Vertical control; Levelling and contouring. Applications in highway drainage and setting out works. Areas and volumes. Mass haul diagram.
Practicals: field surveying
FCE 361  Engineering Mathematics IIA (45 hrs)
Functions of Several Variables :
Limits, continuity, differentiability, total derivatives, Taylors and Meanvalue theorems, tangent planes, Critical points, Maxima, Minima saddle points, Change of Variables and Jacobians, implicit functions.
Vector Calculus :
Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Curvilinear coordinate systems, Line, Surface and Volume integrals. Divergence, Stokes and Greens theorems. Applications.
Further Matrices :
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, Matrix functions, Special matrices, linear transformations and rotations, Matrix partitioning, bilinear and quadratic forms, differentiation of matrices.
FCE 381  Computer Science III (45 hrs)
Course Objectives : At the end of the course the student should be able to develop and code complex data structures required for a variety of electronic and data management systems e.g., memory management, graphic drivers, computeraided design (CAD), data base systems, etc. The student will be expected to learn advanced programming techniques required for implementation of dynamic data structure algorithms using a structured highlevel programming language (e.g., PASCAL or C).
Syllabus Outline :
Structured programming style: Block structure, variable and value parameters. Structured data structures: Arrays, records, sets and files. Information hiding and the layered model in software development.
Merging, sorting and searching: The twoway merge, sorting by selection, sorting by insertion, binary search and hash searching.
Dynamic data structures algorithms: The pointer concept. Stack operations. Linked lists: building blocks, operations on linked lists, doubly linked list, stack operations, queues. Trees: Node ordering, methods of ordering trees, implementation of trees, operations on trees search, insertion and deletion.
Recursive algorithms: The choice between recursion and iteration. Recursion in action  recursive quicksort, Towers of Hanoi. Binary tree transversal.
One selected example of the use and implementation of complex data structures in engineering (e.g., Application graphics, memory management or discreteevent simulation).
SEMESTER II
FCE 302  Theory of Structures IIB (45 hrs)
Matrix formulation of the force method. The direct stiffness method, matrix formulation for computer analysis. Influence lines for statically indeterminate structures.
FCE 322  Fluid Mechanics IIA (45 hrs)
Further work on laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, friction formulae, charts and diagrams. Power transmission by pipelines. Pipe networks using relaxation methods. Water hammer, instantaneous and slow closure of valves. Elementary treatment of surge tanks. Boundary layers and wakes; flow around bluff and streamlined bodies; simple lift and drag on aerofoil bodies. Floating bodies, metacentre, free surface correction and suspended loads.
FCE 332  Strength of Materials IIB (45 hrs)
Reinforced Concrete :
Review of properties of concrete. Behaviour of concrete elements under axial loading, flexural loading, shear, torsion and combined loading. Principles for analysis of reinforced concrete elements.
Prestressed Concrete :
Nature of prestressing and properties of prestressed concrete. Prestressing techniques. Analysis of stresses in statically determinate and statically indeterminate prestressed concrete beams. Behaviour of prestressed concrete elements under axial loading, flexural loading, shear, torsion and combined loading.
Composites :
Concretesteel: concrete timber: Behaviour of element under loading. Labs: Test reinforced concrete beam: Test prestressed concrete beam.
FCE 342  Engineering Drawing and Design II (45 hrs)
Elements of Civil Engineering design presentations. Floor plan, Elevations and crosssection of buildings. Roof truss details. Bolted, rivetted and welded connections in buildings. Reinforcement drawings for slabs, beams, columns, footings Civil Engineering design presentation (Roads, Water Supply Wastewater disposal, etc.).
FCE 346  Transportation Engineering I (45 hrs)
Principles and objectives of Transportation. Modes of transportation. Role of transportation in society, economic, social, political and environmental. Traffic regulations. Introduction to traffic Engineering. Traffic Survey procedures and Data Collection. Traffic volume, speed and concentration. Vehicles, driver and pedestrian characteristics. Road safety. Road user psychological traits. Highway capacity and level of service. Introduction to urban and regional planning.
Practical works  Traffic volume and speed surveys.
FCE 362  Engineering Mathematics IIB (45 hrs)
Fourier series :
Periodic functions, odd and even functions, Expansion of functions in Fourier series over a full range and halfrange, Dirichlets conditions. Differentiation and integration of Fourier series. Fourier integrals and Fourier transforms.
Laplace Transforms :
Properties of laplace transforms, differentiation and integration, inverse transforms, application to solution of differential equations, Convulution theorem.
Ordinary Differential Equations :
Series solutions applied to Legendre and Bessel equations.
Partial Differential Equations :
Method of separation of variable applied to Laplaces Heat and Wave equations. Use of Fourier series in a simple boundary value problems.
FCE 372  Engineering Management I (45 hrs)
Principles of management practice. Management functions. Structures of construction business. Accounting Methods and cost control; Book keeping, Financial Statements. Feasibility Studies of Civil Engineering Projects; Cost benefit analysis, discounted cash flow. Economics of direct labour projects.
Introduction to law of contracts and torts. Civil Engineering procedure and contracts. Contract documents. Tendering procedure. Engineering Ethics.
FCE 382  Computer Science IV (45 hrs)
Structured systems development lifecycle. Database structures and DBMS. AI techniques, etc. This will include some courses in GTZ second semester syllabus.
FCE 392  Environmental Science (45 hrs)
Introduction to engineering, aquatic Chemistry, aquatic Biology, Acosystems.
FOURTH YEAR OF STUDY  SEMESTER I
FCE 401  Theory of Structures IIIA
Formulation of equation of motion for single degree of freedom systems. (SP0F) Free vibration response for SP0F damped and undamped systems to harmonic loading. Resonance. Periodic loading, Impulse loading. General loading as a summation of impulses, Earthquake response spectra. Seismic analysis of frames. Sub: Dynamic response of a beam to forced vibration. Lab:
FCE 411  Geotechnical Engineering IIA (45 hrs)
Stress Analysis :
Pressure bulbs. Stress distribution due to point load and distributed loads (Boussinesq). Janbu et al, Fadun and Newmark charts. Contact pressures.
Settlement of Soils
Elastic theory in soil mechanics. Immediate settlements of cohesive soils (Janbu et al. Charts). Consolidation Settlements. Oedometer test. Compressibility characteristic of soils, coefficients of compressibility, compression, index, preconsolidation pressures. One dimensional consolidation settlements. Degree of consolidation. Rate of consolidation. Secondary Consolidation.
Seepage Analysis
Seepage theory. Influence of seepage on effective stress. Critical hydraulic gradient, quick sand conditions. Flow nets for homogenous soils, anisotropic homogenous soils and nonhomogenous soils. Seepage loss calculations and stability analysis in cofferdams and concrete dams. Seepage through earth embankment dams. Seepage control. Laboratory tests  consolidation tests.
FCE 421  Fluid Mechanics IIB (45 hrs)
Uniform flow in open channels, economical sections. NonUniform flow in open channels, specific energy. Occurance and position of hydraulic jumps. Weirs and flumes. Gradually varied flow: type of surface curves. Shallow water waves, surges in open channels.
FCE 425  Hydrology I (45 hrs)
Introduction. Hydrological cycle. Rainfall and Rainfall data analysis. Evaporation and transpiration: factors and methods of computation. Infiltration and Percolation. Runoff: factors affecting runoff, stream flow measurement and rating curves determination. Streamflow data analysis. Subsurface water: soilwater relationship and measurement of soil moisture. Determination of permeability.
Lab Experiments : Measurements of weather parameters like precipitation, sunshine, evaporation, wind speed, calibration of instruments.
FCE 431  Structural Design IA (60 hrs)
Reinforced Concrete :
Elements of concrete construction. Principles of reinforced concrete design. Elastic and ultimate limit states. Designing of reinforced concrete elements for bending, shear and compression loading. Fire protection. Bond and Anchorage. Reinforced concrete slabs and yield line analysis. Detailing of beams slabs, columns, staircases and walls. Foundation and Retaining walls. Codes of Practice. Design Exercises.
Prestressed Concrete :
Elements of precast prestressed concrete construction. Principles of prestressed concrete design. Tendon. Profiles. Design of statically determinate prestressed concrete elements. Applications. Codes of practice Design exercises:
FCE 451  Engineering Surveying III (45 hrs)
Errors; weighting of observations and principles of least squares for adjustment. Introduction to and engineering applications of Electromagnetic Distance Measurement (EDM). Highway Curves; simple and compound circular curves, transition curves, vertical curves. Setting out of highway curves.
Introduction to Hydrographic, mine and tunnel surveying curves, vertical curves, setting out of these. Introduction to hydrographic, mine and tunnel surveying.
FCE 461  Statistics (45 hrs)
Probability distributions :
Normal, t, chisquare, F and multinomial distributions.
Random Variables:
Concept of the random variable, discrete and continuous distributions.
Expectations :
Expectation of a random variable, laws of expectation, variance and covariance, moments generations, Chebyshevs theorem.
Sampling :
Sample mean, variance, covariance sampling distributions of the means, and of the difference of means and related quantities.
Estimation :
Accuracy and precision, methods of estimation, confidence intervals. Estimating the mean, difference of two means, the variance and the ration of two variances.
Significance tests :
Statistical hypotheses, tests of samples means, variances, confidence limits, independence.
Curvefitting
Linear, curvilinear, and multiple regression and correlation.
Analysis of Variances :
One way and two way classification. Test for equality of several variance, muthjole range test.
FCE 481  Public Health Engineering IA (45 hrs)
Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water and wastewater. Introduction to sanitary chemistry, Stoichiometry and Kinetics of chemical reactions, equilibrium constant and solubility products, pH and alkalinity.
Basic microbiology and ecology, types of metabolism and microorganisms, microbiological examination of water, biological oxidation of organic matter.
Qualities of water and wastewater, population growth, water demand, wastewater flow. Particle fluid mechanics as applied to the settling of suspensions. Zone and compression settling.
SEMESTER II
FCE 402  Theory of Structures IIIB (45 hrs)
Plastic analysis, Torsion, curved beams. Elastic Theory of plates and shells. Yield line theory of slabs. Ductility of structural members.
FCE 412  Geotechnical Engineering IIB (45 hrs)
Shear Strength :
MohrCoulomb failure criterion. Shear strength tests. Shear strength tests of sands. Shear strength test of saturated clays. Total and effective stress analysis. Pore pressure coefficients. Residual shear strength. Insitu piezometer measurements.
Slope Stability
Introduction. Total stress analysis for = 0 soils  Taylor stability charts. Methods of slices, total and effective stress analysis for C  Soils. Infinite slope slip. Stability of earth embankment dams, rapid draw downs.
Lateral Earth Pressures
Introduction, state of plastic equilibrium. Rankines theory and applications. Coulombs theory  graphical applications. Tension cracks, points of application of active and passive thrusts, wall movements sufficiency. Choice of backfill material and backfill drainage.
Earth Retaining Structures
Gravity and cantilever walls. Sheet pile wall Cantilever and anchored pipes. Free earth support method. Fixed earth support methods. Introduction to braced excavations, diaphragm walls and reinforced earth.
FCE 422  Fluid Mechanics III (45 hrs)
Free and forced vortices. Momentum and impact of jets. Hydroelectric stations; types of turbines and pumps  Pump and turbine characteristics, unit power, unit speed, specific speed. Dimensional similarity theorems, nondimensional coefficients, application to models. Model studies and operation under varying conditions. Hydraulic systems and introduction to fluidics.
FCE 426  Hydrology II (45 hrs)
Relationship between precipitation and runoff, hydrological data collection and analysis. River discharge, theory of groundwater flow. Stream flow hydrographs and their characteristics. Derivation of unit hydrograph and its applications. Hydrograph analysis and synthesis, hydrological data urban hydrology and hydrological models.
FCE 432  Structural Design IB (60 hrs)
Steel : Elements of structural steel construction. Principles of Structural steel design. Design of joints and connection. Fire protection. Corrosion control. Fabrication and erection of trusses and portal frames for industrial buildings. Foundations. Codes of Practice. Design Exercises.
Timber : Principles of structural Timber Design. Design of solid timber structs, ties, columns and beams. Design of laminated beams and built up timber columns. Connectionnailed, screwed, and bolted. Design of trusses and portal frames. Codes of practice. Design exercises.
FCE 446  Transportation Engineering II (45 hrs)
Principles of Highway planning, design, construction and maintenance. Classification systems for roads in rural and urban areas. Geometric design of rural and urban road systems (MOPW specifications and standards). Highway Route location. Design and construction of low cost roads. Drainage design for rural and urban roads. Introduction to Railway Engineering  dynamics of rail vehicles, geometric alignment design and construction of railway line.
Coursework: Highway geometric design. (H1)
FCE 472  Engineering Management II (45 hrs)
Construction project planning and control techniques. Bar charts. C.P.M. (Critical Path Method), P.E.R.I. (Project Evaluation and Review Techniques), L.O.B. (Line of Balance). Resource Scheduling.
Site Management. Work study techniques. Labour relations. Safety. Types of Construction Plant. Maintenance of plant. Management of human resources.
FCE 482  Public Health Engineering IB (45 hrs)
Estimation of Yield, surface and underground water sources. Design of work to procure water, dams, river intake works, wells and boreholes, screening. Purpose, theory and design of aeration units. Coagulation/flocculation theory and practice. Design and operation of sedimentation tanks for water treatment. Hydraulics of filtration. Design and operation of filter units. Disinfection methods. water softening. Manganese and iron removal. Water distribution; pipelines and valves; pumping; Plant, service reservoir. Low water supplies and treatment.
FIFTH YEAR OF STUDY  SEMESTER I (COMPULSORY UNITS)
FCE 501  Theory of Structures IV (45 hrs)
Matrix formulation of Structural analysis or use of Structural Design packages. Introduction to Finite Element Method. Suspension structures. Instability.
FCE 511  Geotechnical Engineering III
Foundations :
Shallow Foundations
Introduction. Foundation loading intensities. Bearing capacity, (ultimate, safe, gross and allowable). Influence of ground watertable, sloping ground, inclined and eccentric loads on allowable bearing capacity. Design of shallow foundations for shear strength and settlements. Examples of foundation design (e.g. strips, pad), combined footings, raft footings.
Piled Foundation
Types of piles driven and bored pile, friction and endbearing pile. Design of piles by soil mechanics methods, end bearing, skin friction and ultimate bearing resistance. Piles in sands. Piles in cohesive soils  total and effective stress analysis. Design from pile tests data.
End bearing piles on rock. Settlement of piles. Dynamic formula. Negative skin friction. Pile groups  bearing capacity in cohesive and cohensionless soils.
Introduction to Earth Dams
Design of earth embankment  honogenous and zoned dams. Definitions e.g. fetch, waterspread, shell free board etc. Factors influencing site selection. Spillways. Settlements of embankments. Protection of upstream and downstream slopes.
Site Investigations
Introduction, purpose of Site Investigation, organisation of Site investigation for different types of structures e.g. buildings, irrigation or water supply projects, highways and airport pavements, etc. Methods of Investigation. Sampling. Borehole logs. Geophysical methods. Geotechnical reports.
FCE 525  Water Resources Engineering (Compulsory) (45 hrs)
Water Law: Introduction to common law; Water Codes; Ground Water and National Law and Water policy. Planning for Water Resources development: National, regional, catchment planning; objective of planning; planning process; introduction to multiple purpose projects; introduction to systems analysis. Economics in Water Resources planning: Importance; costing and cost allocation; interest rates; taxed; economy studies e.g. costbenefit, annual cost comparison. water resources for arid and semi arid areas: Surface and subsurface Dams; Rainwater Harvesting. Dams; sillways; gates and outlet works: Focus on Dams stability of Dam and spill way section; types of dams; construction and design requirements for different types of dams; types of spillways, gates and outlets; scour protection and energy dissipation. Reservoir: physical characteristics; capacity and yield of reservoirs determination methods. Sedimentation in reservoir. Hydroelectric power: types of plants and layouts; systems and loads in power plants, arrangement and operation of elements. Power duration curves.
FCE 531  Structural Design IIA (60 hrs)
Structural Design of Buildings :
Loading  dead loads, live loads, accidental loads, wind and earthquake loads. Limit state design methods. Design of lowrise industrial, residential and agricultural building in timber, steel, reinforced and prestressed concrete. Plastic design of steel. Precast systems codes of Practice. Design Projects.
FCE 545  Transportation Engineering IIIA (45 hrs)  Optional
Traffic Engineering :
Traffic data analysis. Traffic growth and forecasting. Traffic distribution and assignment. Traffic stream characteristics. Traffic flow modelling. Principles of regional and urban transportation planning. Elements of manoeuvre areas. Intersection design. Urban traffic management and parking studies. Traffic signals. Highway plan appraisal. Introduction to elements of transportation technology.
FCE 571  Engineering Management III (45 hrs)
The Civil Engineering Industry; organization structures of construction business, Public enterprise and other bodies in which the graduate is expected to work. Current legislation affecting the Civil Engineering practice. The contribution of the construction Industry to develop Civil Engineering planning and design management.
FCE 581  Public Health Engineering II (45 hrs)
Water pollution and control. Development of the oxygensag model. Disposal in lakes and reservoirs. Sewer Design. Wastewater pumping stations. Introduction to wastewater treatment. Preliminary, Primary and secondary treatment units. Sludge treatment and disposal. Wastewater treatment by septeic tanks, waste stabilisation ponds, aerated ponds and oxidation. Ditches. Pond construction, operation and maintenance. Sanitation alternative for lowincome communities.
FCE 590  Civil Engineering Project  (Optional)
Each final year student will undertake a project under the supervision of a member of academic staff and prepare a project report to be submitted to the Departmental Examiners at the end of the academic year. The project will normally compose of an investigation of a specific problem within the field of Civil Engineering and may be associated with any of the courses offered or his professional training. The project will be devised so as to require some initiative and originality of thought. While the majority of projects will be individually done, some may involve a group of students, each of which will be concerned with one specific aspect of the whole. The basis of the project will normally be experimental investigation with an appropriate literature review and may include design and assembly of apparatus. Insome cases the project may consist of a theoretical or analytical investigation.
SEMESTER II (COMPULSORY UNITS)
FCE 532  Structural Design IIB (60 hrs )  Compulsory
Design of high rise Structures in Structural Concrete and Structural Steel. Bridge design  planning and location of bridges, bridge construction systems in steel, reinforced and prestressed concrete, composite construction, precast bridge systems. Liquid retaining and storage structures  planning and design of tanks and silos; control of cracking, joints, design of sanitary structures. Codes of Practice. Design Projects.
FCE 592  Professional Practice and Ethics (45 hrs) Compulsory
Engineering ethics; Fundamental Principles, Rules of Practice, Professional Obligations, Contractual Obligations, Engineering Registration Act. Engineering Professional Societies. Engineer in Development. Engineer in Government. Engineer as Consultant. Engineer as Contractor. Engineer in Contractual Disputes.
SEMESTER II (OPTIONAL UNITS)
FCE 502  Theory of Structures V (45 hrs)  Optional
Further studies on Finite Elements Methods and applications. Further studies on Structural instability. Multi degree of freedom dynamics.
FCE 512  Geotechnical Engineering IV (45 hrs )  Optional
Foundation characteristics of Tropical and Residual soils. Further work on Earth Retaining Structures. Introduction into Geotextiles. Further work on Embarkment dams. Introduction into instrumentations of soils.
FCE 526  Water Resource Engineering (Optional) (45 hrs)
Ground Water Engineering: Occurrence of ground water; hydraulics of well; pumping tests and analysis for well characteristics. Use of groundwater for irrigation.
FCE 536  Advanced Structural Design (45 hrs )  Optional
Indeterminate Prestressed concrete Structures. Design of high rise structures to resist dynamic loading. Shell roofs. Aspects of dam and tunnel design. Use of computers in structural design. Design Project.
FCE 546  Transportation Engineering IIIB (45 hrs)  Optional
Pavement Design
Types of road pavements. Factions of various pavement layers. Pavement loading characteristics. Behaviour of layered pavement systems under traffic loading. Stress distribution in flexible pavements. Bearing capacity considerations, evaluation of subgrade and pavement materials. Flexible road pavements; analysis and design. Road maintenance methods of evaluation and strengthening of existing road pavements. Pavement materials; stabilization for road construction materials, bituminous mixes  their ingredients and design. Road construction Techniques and quality control.
Laboratory Work

H1  BCR Test

H2  Soil Stabilization

H3  Marshall Test
FCE 552  Engineering Surveying IV (45 hrs)  Optional
Triangulation; trilateration and resection. Grid systems: convergence of meridian, scale factors. Determination of azimuth. Photogrammetry; air photography, flying for air photography and ground control. Photointerpretation; theory of mapping from stereoscopic pairs, practical use of stereoplotters for civil engineering works. Introduction to remote sensing and its applications in Civil Engineering. Route location surveys; reconnaissance, preliminary and location surveys for highways, railways, pipelines and canals.
FCE 562  Numerical Analysis (45 hrs)  Optional
Interpolation
Finite difference, interpolation formulae based on finite differences, lagrange interpolation including iterated interpolation. Applications.
Curvefitting
Least squares method. Applications.
Numerical Differentiation and Integration : Optional
Derivatives from interpolating polynomials. Trapezoidal rule. Simpsons rule. NewtonCotes formulae. Romberg integration. The trapezoidal and Simpsons rules with end corrections. Applications.
Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations : Optional
Taylors series method. Eulers methods. Rungekutta method. PredictorCorrector methods. Extrapolation methods. Simple boundaryvalue problems. Applications.
Matrices and Simultaneous Linear Equations : Optional
Gaussiaan elimination and the LU decomposition methods for solving simultaneous linear equations. Iterative methodsJacobi, Gausseidel and introductory SOR methods.
FCE 564  Operations Research (45 hrs)  Optional
Topics, include network analysis, linear programming, decision theory, inventory models and stochastic simulation. Acquaintance with basic statistics is essential and the use of various techniques will be illustrated by practical applications.
FCE 566  Computer Applications II (45 hrs)  Optional
Computer simulation and modelling. Advanced application software packages; finite element analysis, graphics, Computer Aided Design examples in Civil Engineering.
FCE 572  Engineering Management IV (Sem 2, 45 hrs ) Optional
New trends in management, systems analysis, developmental economics, cost/benefit analysis. Environmental impact assessments; Institutional and social implications, role of technology systems approach to appraisal/evaluation of project (advisable to take this course, only if operational research is also taken as an option).
FCE 582  Public Health Engineering III (Optional)
Industrial wastes and their treatment. Environmental Engineering Planning and Impact Analysis/Assessment. Typical design of water supply and wastewater facilities. Finacial and Economic Analysis of water supply and sewerage project. Commonly used methods of physicochemical processes for water quality control. Principles and Management of solid wastes (collection, transportation, and disposal). Introduction of Air Pollution Control and Noise Pollution Control. Emerging Global Environmental issues. 